Shoulder dislocation is a common shoulder condition in the under 30’s, whereby the “ball” of the upper arm becomes unstable in the “socket” of the shoulder.
Shoulder arthritis, or osteoarthritis of the shoulder, typically occurs in the over 55’s who have been suffering shoulder pain on and off for many years.
A rotator cuff tear is a very common muscle injury of the shoulder, commonly caused by sudden traumatic injuries, slow onset overuse injuries in the over 40’s, or by degenerative changes in the shoulder joint in the over 50’s.
Frozen shoulder or “adhesive capsulitis”, is of unknown origin, mostly affecting 40-60 year olds. It causes severe pain and stiffness of the shoulder and is thought to be of autoimmune nature, triggered by factors such as illness, disease, inactivity, injury or trauma.
Acromio-Clavicular (AC) joint injury, also known as “AC joint separation”, is a common condition suffered by 20-30 year old males playing contact sports.
A broken collar bone, also known as a clavicle fracture, is an injury to the shoulder and occurs most commonly in children under 7 but also in 15-35 year olds who perform contact sports like rugby or who go cycling and risk falling.
Biceps tendonitis commonly affects the over 40’s, whereby the tendon of the biceps muscle which passes through the front of the shoulder and attaches to the top of the shoulder becomes inflamed and develops tendonitis.
If you’re a bodybuilder, you may be familiar with a common chest injury known as a pec tear. Usually suffered by 25-45 year old males in the world of weight lifting and heavy exercise, a tear of the pectoralis major muscle of the chest occurs suddenly with a snapping or popping sensation in the shoulder followed by strong pain, swelling and bruising of the chest and upper arm.